Report on New Patented Drugs - Pulmozyme
Brand Name: Pulmozyme
Generic Name: dornase alfa recombinant
Patentee: Hoffmann-La Roche Canada Ltd.
Indication (as per product monograph): For the management of cystic fibrosis patients to reduce the frequency of respiratory infections requiring parenteral antibiotics and to improve pulmonary function.
Notice of Compliance: December 1993
Date of First Sale: August 1994
In most cases, patents are issued before the drugs come to market. In this case, the first patent pertaining to Pulmozyme was issued on February 5, 2002 and it came under the PMPRB's jurisdiction at that time.
ATC Class: RO5CB13
Cough and Cold Preparation, expectorants, excluding combinations with cough suppressants, mucolytics
Application of the Guidelines
The introductory price of Pulmozyme was found to be within the Guidelines because the Canadian price did not exceed the median of the prices for the same drug in the seven countries listed in the Patented Medicines Regulations, 1994 (Regulations). The price of Pulmozyme continued to be within the Guidelines in 2002 when it came under the PMPRB's jurisdiction.
The seven countries listed in the Patented Medicines Regulations, 1994, for purposes of price comparison are France, Italy, Germany, Sweden, Switzerland, United Kingdom and the United States.
Pulmozyme is a new active substance and the PMPRB's Human Drug Advisory Panel (HDAP)reviewed it as a category 3 new medicine (provides moderate, little or no therapeutic advantage over comparable medicines.)
The Therapeutic Class Comparison (TCC) test of the Guidelines provides that the price of a category 3 new drug product cannot exceed the prices of other drugs that treat the same disease or condition. Comparators are generally selected from among existing drug products in the same 4th level of the Anatomical, Therapeutic, Chemical (ATC) System that are clinically equivalent in addressing the approved indication.
The other medications in the same fourth level ATC as Pulmozyme include Mucomyst (Nacetylcystine) and Uromitexan (mesna). However, neither of these agents share the same indication as Pulmozyme nor is there any evidence supporting the use of these agents for the treatment of cystic fibrosis. Consequently, the HDAP recommended no comparators for the conduct of a TCC for Pulmozyme.
The Guidelines provide that when it is inappropriate or impossible to conduct a TCC, the primary weight will be given to the median of the international prices. The price will be presumed excessive if it exceeds the median of the prices of the same drug in the seven countries listed in the Regulations. See the PMPRB's Compendium of Guidelines, Policies and Procedures for a more complete description of the Guidelines and the policies on International Price Comparisons.
The Canadian price of Pulmozyme was within the Guidelines as it did not exceed the median of the prices for the same drug in those countries in which it was being sold. As shown in the following table, the price of Pulmozyme in Canada continued to be below the median international price in 2002.
||$ CDN price per 2.5 mg/amp
Canada: Liste des médicaments, Régie de l'assurance maladie du Québec, 2002
France: Sempex, February 2002
Germany: Rote Liste, January 2002
Italy: L'Informatore Farmaceutico, March 2002
Sweden: Prislista, May 2002
Switzerland: Medwin, September 2002
UK: MIMS, March 2002
US: AWP, Drug Topics Red Book, March 2002; FSS Price, 2002
References – Pulmozyme
- Welbanks L, editor. Compendium of Pharmaceuticals and Specialties, 37th Edition. Canadian Pharmacists Association, 2002, Ottawa.
- Suri R, et al. Comparison of hypertonic saline and alternate day or daily recombinant human deoxyribonuclease in children with cystic fibrosis: a randomized trial. Lancet 2001;358:1316-21.
- Cramer GW, Bosso JA. The role of dornase alfa in the treatment of cystic fibrosis. Ann Pharmaco 1996;30:656-61.
- Witt DM, Anderson L. Dornase alfa: a new option in the management of cystic fibrosis. Pharmacotherapy 1996;16(1):40-8.
- Kearney CE, Wallis CE. Deoxyribonuclease for cystic fibrosis. The Cochrane Library 2002 (Issue 2).
- Perras C, Otten N. Pulmozyme: Clinical; and economic impacts. Technology overview. Canadian Coordination Office of Health Technology Assessment 1996; issue 1:1-8.
- Quan JM, et al. A two-year randomized, placebo-controlled trial of dornase alfa in young patients with cystic fibrosis with mild lung function abnormalities. J Pediatr 2001;1139:813-20.
- Coates AL. What is the cystic fibrosis clinician suppose to do with human recombinant dornase alfa? J Pediatr 201;139:768-70.
- Duijvestijn YCM, Brand PLP. Systematic review of N-acetylcystine in cystic fibrosis. Acta Pediatr 1999;88:38-41.