Quarterly Financial Report for the Quarter Ended June 30, 2018

Management Statement for the Quarter Ended June 30, 2018

1. Introduction

This quarterly report has been prepared by management as required by section 65.1 of the Financial Administration Act and in the form and manner prescribed by the Treasury Board Accounting Standard (TBAS) 1.3. This quarterly report should be read in conjunction with the Main Estimates and Supplementary Estimates.

1.1 Authority, Mandate and Program Activities

The Patented Medicine Prices Review Board (PMPRB) is an independent, quasi-judicial body created by Parliament as a result of amendments to the Patent Act (Act) in 1987 (Bill C-22) and its remedial powers were supplemented by further amendments in 1993 (Bill C-91). The amendments were intended to balance the stronger patent protection for pharmaceutical patentees, with the need to protect consumers from possible excessive patented drug prices.

The PMPRB is composed of Board Staff, who are public servants responsible for carrying out the organization’s day to day work, and Board members, Governor-in-Council appointees who serve as hearing panel members in the event of a dispute between Board Staff and a patentee over the price of a patented medicine.

If the price of a patented medicine appears to be excessive, Board Staff will first try to reach a consensual resolution with the patentee. Failing this, the Chairperson1 can decide that the matter should proceed to a hearing. The Chairperson decides the composition of a panel. Provincial and territorial ministers of health have a statutory right to appear before the panel as parties, and other interested parties or groups may seek leave to participate as interveners.

At the hearing, a panel composed of Board Members acts as a neutral arbiter between Board Staff and the patentee. If a panel finds that the price of a patented medicine is excessive, it can order a reduction of the price to a non-excessive level. It can also order a patentee to make a monetary payment to the Government of Canada in the amount of the excess revenues earned and, in cases where the panel determines there has been a policy of excessive pricing, it can double the amount of the monetary payment.

The PMPRB has a dual role:

Regulatory: To ensure that prices charged by patentees for patented medicines sold in Canada are not excessive.

Reporting: To report on pharmaceutical trends of all medicines, and on research and development (R&D) spending by pharmaceutical patentees.

Further details on the PMPRB’s authority, mandate and program activities may be found in the Departmental Plan and the Main Estimates.

1.2 Basis of Presentation

This quarterly report has been prepared by management using an expenditure basis of accounting. The accompanying Statement of Authorities includes the PMPRB’s spending authorities granted by Parliament and those used by the organization, consistent with the Main Estimates and Supplementary Estimates for the 2018-19 fiscal year. This quarterly report has been prepared using a special purpose financial reporting framework designed to meet financial information needs with respect to the use of spending authorities.

The authority of Parliament is required before moneys can be spent by the Government. Approvals are given in the form of annually approved limits through appropriation acts or through legislation in the form of statutory spending authority for specific purposes.

When Parliament is dissolved for the purposes of a general election, section 30 of the Financial Administration Act authorizes the Governor General, under certain conditions, to issue a special warrant authorizing the Government to withdraw funds from the Consolidated Revenue Fund (CRF). A special warrant is deemed to be an appropriation for the fiscal year in which it is issued.

As part of the departmental performance reporting process, the PMPRB prepares its annual departmental financial statements on a full accrual basis in accordance with Treasury Board accounting policies, which are based on Canadian Generally Accepted Accounting Principles for the public sector. However, the spending authorities voted by Parliament remain on an expenditure basis.

The quarterly report has not been subject to an external audit or review.

2. Highlights of Fiscal Quarter and Fiscal Year to Date (YTD) Results

This quarterly financial report reflects the results of the current fiscal period in relation to the Main Estimates. The PMPRB’s spending for Q1 of 2018-19 has decreased by $82 thousand (4%) compared to spending for the same quarter in 2017-18.

The money reported in the PMPRB’s Annual Financial Statements as non-respendable revenue is a result of payments to the Government of Canada made by patentees through Voluntary Compliance Undertakings (VCUs)2 or Board Orders to offset excess revenues. The Minister of Health may enter into agreements with any province respecting the distribution to that province of amounts received by the Receiver General, less any costs incurred in relation to the collection and distribution of those amounts. In Q1 of 2018-19 the PMPRB received $2.3 million in repayment of excess revenues, as compared to $31.0 million in Q1 of 2017-18.

Revenues that are non-respendable are not available to discharge the PMPRB’s liabilities. While the Chairperson is expected to maintain accounting control, he has no authority regarding the disposition of non-respendable revenues. As a result, non-respendable revenues are considered to be earned on behalf of the Government of Canada and are not therefore presented as a reduction to the entity's total gross budgetary expenditures.

2.1 Significant Changes to Authority

As shown in the Statement of Authorities of this document, total authorities available for the year have increased by $4 million (37%) from $10.9 million to $14.9 million. As announced in Budget 2017, this increase in funding is primarily attributable to reforming Canada’s drug price regulation framework with the aim of lowering drug prices.

2.2 Significant Changes to Budgetary Expenditures by Standard Object

This section elaborates on variances in expenditures, Statutory items and Vote 1 by standard object to explain changes in spending trends from the same quarter of the previous year.

Overall, Q1 spending has decreased by $82 thousand (4%).

The decrease is mainly due to a $117 thousand reduction for “Professional and special services” due to lower Q1 expenditures for litigation-related legal services.

This is offset by an increase of $38 thousand for “Acquisition of machinery and equipment” in Q1 due to the purchase of IT equipment for the Workplace 2.0 initiative implementation.

There were no significant variances to report in the other standard objects.

3. Risks and Uncertainties

The PMPRB is funded through annual appropriations. As a result, its operations are impacted by any changes in funding approved through Parliament. The PMPRB has no authority to spend revenues received during the year as a result of payments made by patentees to the Government of Canada through VCU’s or Board Orders to offset excess revenues.

The PMPRB’s funding includes a Special Purpose Allotment (SPA) to conduct Public Hearings, in Vote 1 (Program expenditures) of $3.4 million. The SPA can only be used to cover the costs of public hearings, such as external legal counsel and expert witnesses, etc. Any unspent amount is returned to the Consolidated Revenue Fund (CRF). The PMPRB’s expenditures are influenced by the number and complexity of investigations into the prices of patented medicines, the number of investigations that result in hearings and the number of hearing decisions that form the basis of judicial review applications, all of which are inherently unpredictable.

The PMPRB’s most significant expenditure is “Personnel”, representing 56% of its annual planned expenditures. Given the highly specialized nature of its consumer protection mandate, the PMPRB must continue to attract and retain subject matter experts. More than 34% of its employees are over 45 years of age and at least 11 of them are eligible to retire over the next five years. Given the organization’s small size, the departure or hiring of a handful of employees in one quarter can have a significant impact on the quarter’s expenditures.

4. Significant changes in relation to operations, personnel and programs

Changes to Key Senior Personnel

The Governor General in Council, on the recommendation of the Minister of Health, announced the appointments of Dr. Ingrid Sketris and Matthew Herder to the Board with terms ending June 20, 2023.

Changes to Programs

There have been no significant changes in relation to programs over the last year.

Approval by Senior Officials

Approved by:

Original signed by

Dr. Mitchell Levine,


Original signed by

Matthew Kellison,
A/Chief Financial Officer


Ottawa, Canada
August 17, 2018

Statement of Authorities (unaudited)

  Fiscal year 2018-19 Fiscal year 2017-18
(in thousands of dollars) Total available for use for year ending March 31, 20191 Used during the quarter ended June 30, 2018 Year to date used at quarter-end Total available for use for year ending March 31, 20181 Used during the quarter ended June 30, 2017 Year to date used at quarter-end
Vote 1 – Program expenditures 13,690 1,587 1,587 9,930 1,731 1,731
(S) Contributions to employee benefit plans 1,182 296 296 936 234 234
(S) Spending of proceeds from the disposal of surplus Crown assets 0 0 0 0 0 0
(S) Refunds of amounts credited to revenues in previous years 0 0 0 0 0 0
(S) Collection agency fees 0 0 0 0 0 0
(S) Court awards 0 0 0 0 0 0
Total authorities 14,872 1,883 1,883 10,866 1,965 1,965

1 Includes only Authorities available for use and granted by Parliament at quarter end
(S) Statutory vote

Table 1: Departmental budgetary expenditures by Standard Object

(in thousands of dollars) Fiscal year 2018-19 Fiscal year 2017-18
Planned expenditures for the year ending March 31, 20191 Expended during the quarter ended June 30, 2018 Year to date used at quarter-end Planned expenditures for the year ending March 31, 20181 Expended during the quarter ended June 30, 2017 Year to date used at quarter-end
Personnel 8,373 1,489 1,489 6,896 1,497 1,497
Transportation and communications 247 46 46 215 35 35
Information 1,382 67 67 450 53 53
Professional and special services 3,837 137 137 3,068 253 253
Rentals 125 47 47 95 54 54
Repair and maintenance 170 0 0 30 0 0
Utilities, materials and supplies 21 2 2 35 2 2
Acquisition of lands, buildings and works 0 0 0 0 0 0
Acquisition of machinery and equipment 670 89 89 65 52 52
Transfer payments 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other subsidies and payments 47 6 6 12 19 19
Total gross budgetary expenditures 14,872 1,883 1,883 10,866 1,965 1,965
Less revenues netted against expenditures:
Rights and Privileges 0 0 0 0 0 0
Services Non-Regulatory 0 0 0 0 0 0
Services Regulatory 0 0 0 0 0 0
Total Revenues netted against expenditures 0 0 0 0 0 0
Total net budgetary expenditures 14,872 1,883 1,883 10,866 1,965 1,965

1 Includes only Authorities available for use and granted by Parliament at quarter end


1 In accordance with subsection 93(3) of the Patent Act, if the Chairperson is absent or incapacitated or if the office of the Chairperson is vacant, the Vice-Chairperson has all the powers and functions of the Chairperson during the absence, incapacity or vacancy.

2 VCUs are approved by the Chairperson or, if the VCU is submitted after the issuance of a Notice of Hearing, the Board Hearing Panel.

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